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Motivation in second language acquisition Björn Saemann

Motivation in second language acquisition

Björn Saemann

Published May 26th 2009
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Kindle Edition
36 pages
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 About the Book 

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 1,3, University of Hildesheim (Englisch als Fremdsprache), course: Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: This paper is aboutMoreSeminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 1,3, University of Hildesheim (Englisch als Fremdsprache), course: Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: This paper is about motivation in second language acquisition. First the term“motivation” will be defined and explained. Afterwards this paper will explainwhat different kinds of motivation exist and how they help to learn language. Iwill focus on the work of Rod Ellis and Robert C. Gardner as well as the worksof Kimberly A. Noels.The final part of the paper will discuss motivation in the classroom and how toimprove the motivation of students as a teacher. For this part I will focuse onthe works of J. Brophy. Motivation is often named together with aptitude. Therefore it is vital to definethe difference between aptitude and motivation.Ellis (2008:75) states while aptitude describes the “cognitive abilities thatunderlie successful L2 acquisition, motivation involves the attitudes andaffective states that influence the degree of effort that learners make to learnan L2”.So aptitude is a more or less stable component which the individual can notdirectly interfere with. Motivation on the other hand is a component that canchange comparatively fast and can be altered by the learner himself.Gardner (2001) writes that motivation describes the driving force behind theeffort of a learner. Motivation consists of three elements. The first element is“effort”. A more motivated learner will put more effort in his or her studies. Hewill be open to do extra work in order to improve his language skills, spendmore time with studying for the language and even deal with the subject on asubconscious level. [...]